华为BGP路由的基本配置示例
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时间:2016-3-3 16:58   评论:0 条 

华为BGP路由的基本配置示例

1、组网需求

   图1 BGP基本组网示例图.png

                                     1 BGP基本组网示例图

    如上图1所示,需要在所有Switch间运行BGP协议,SwitchASwitchB之间建立EBGP连接,SwitchBSwitchCSwitchD之间建立IBGP全连接。

 

2、配置思路

2.1、在SwitchBSwitchCSwitchD间配置IBGP连接。

2.2、在SwitchASwitchB之间配置EBGP连接。

 

3、操作步骤

3.1、配置各接口所属的VLAN

<HUAWEI> system-view

[HUAWEI] sysname SwitchA

[SwitchA] vlan batch 10 50

[SwitchA] interface gigabitethernet 1/0/1

[SwitchA-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port link-type trunk

[SwitchA-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] port trunk allow-pass vlan 10

[SwitchA-GigabitEthernet1/0/1] quit

[SwitchA] interface gigabitethernet 1/0/2

[SwitchA-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] port link-type trunk

[SwitchA-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] port trunk allow-pass vlan 50

[SwitchA-GigabitEthernet1/0/2] quit

SwitchBSwitchCSwitchD的配置同SwitchA(略)

 

3.2、配置各VLANIF接口的IP地址

[SwitchA] interface vlanif 10

[SwitchA-Vlanif10] ip address 192.168.1.2 24

[SwitchA-Vlanif10] quit

[SwitchA] interface vlanif 50

[SwitchA-Vlanif50] ip address 10.1.1.1 8

[SwitchA-Vlanif50] quit

SwitchBSwitchCSwitchD的配置同SwitchA(略)

 

3.3、配置IBGP连接

# 配置SwitchB

[SwitchB] bgp 65009

[SwitchB-bgp] router-id 172.17.2.2

[SwitchB-bgp] peer 172.16.1.2 as-number 65009

[SwitchB-bgp] peer 172.16.3.2 as-number 65009

 

# 配置SwitchC

[SwitchC] bgp 65009

[SwitchC-bgp] router-id 172.17.3.3

[SwitchC-bgp] peer 172.16.3.1 as-number 65009

[SwitchC-bgp] peer 172.16.2.2 as-number 65009

[SwitchC-bgp] quit

 

# 配置SwitchD

[SwitchD] bgp 65009

[SwitchD-bgp] router-id 172.17.4.4

[SwitchD-bgp] peer 172.16.1.1 as-number 65009

[SwitchD-bgp] peer 172.16.2.1 as-number 65009

[SwitchD-bgp] quit

 

3.4、配置EBGP

# 配置SwitchA

[SwitchA] bgp 65008

[SwitchA-bgp] router-id 172.17.1.1

[SwitchA-bgp] peer 192.168.1.1 as-number 65009

[SwitchA-bgp] quit

 

# 配置SwitchB

[SwitchB] bgp 65009

[SwitchB-bgp] peer 192.168.1.2 as-number 65008

[SwitchB-bgp] quit

 

# 查看BGP对等体的连接状态。

[SwitchB] display bgp peer

 

 BGP local router ID : 172.17.2.2

 Local AS number : 65009

 Total number of peers : 3                 Peers in established state : 3

 

  Peer            V    AS  MsgRcvd  MsgSent  OutQ  Up/Down       State   PrefRcv

 

  172.16.1.2      4  65009     49       62     0   00:44:58   Established     0

  172.16.3.2      4  65009     56       56     0   00:40:54   Established     0

  192.168.1.2     4  65008     49       65     0   00:44:03   Established     0

可以看出,SwitchB其它SwitchBGP连接均已建立。

 

3.5、配置SwitchA发布路由10.0.0.0/8

# 配置SwitchA发布路由。

[SwitchA] bgp 65008

[SwitchA-bgp] ipv4-family unicast

[SwitchA-bgp-af-ipv4] network 10.0.0.0 255.0.0.0

[SwitchA-bgp-af-ipv4] quit

[SwitchA-bgp] quit

 

# 查看SwitchA路由表信息。

[SwitchA] display bgp routing-table

 

 BGP Local router ID is 172.17.1.1

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,

               h - history,  i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale

               Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 Total Number of Routes: 1

      Network            NextHop        MED        LocPrf    PrefVal Path/Ogn

 

 *>   10.0.0.0           0.0.0.0         0                     0      i

 

# 查看SwitchB的路由表。

[SwitchB] display bgp routing-table

 

  BGP Local router ID is 172.17.2.2

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,

               h - history,  i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale

               Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 Total Number of Routes: 1

      Network            NextHop        MED        LocPrf    PrefVal Path/Ogn

 

 *>   10.0.0.0           192.168.1.2     0                     0      65008i

 

# 查看SwitchC的路由表。

[SwitchC] display bgp routing-table

 

 BGP Local router ID is 172.17.3.3

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,

               h - history,  i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale

               Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 Total Number of Routes: 1

     Network            NextHop        MED        LocPrf    PrefVal Path/Ogn

 

  i   10.0.0.0           192.168.1.2     0          100        0      65008i

   从路由表可以看出,SwitchC学到了AS65008中的10.0.0.0的路由,但因为下一跳192.168.1.2不可达,所以也不是有效路由。

 

3.6、配置BGP引入直连路由

# 配置SwitchB

[SwitchB] bgp 65009

[SwitchB-bgp] ipv4-family unicast

[SwitchB-bgp-af-ipv4] import-route direct

[SwitchB-bgp-af-ipv4] quit

[SwitchB-bgp] quit

 

# 查看SwitchABGP路由表。

[SwitchA] display bgp routing-table

 

  BGP Local router ID is 172.17.1.1

  Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,

               h - history,  i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale

               Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 Total Number of Routes: 4

    Network            NextHop        MED        LocPrf    PrefVal Path/Ogn

 

 *>   10.0.0.0           0.0.0.0         0                     0      i

 *>   172.16.1.0/24      192.168.1.1     0                     0      65009?

 *>   172.16.3.0/24      192.168.1.1     0                     0      65009?

      192.168.1.0        192.168.1.1     0                     0      65009?

 

# 查看SwitchC的路由表。

[SwitchC] display bgp routing-table

 

 BGP Local router ID is 172.17.3.3

 Status codes: * - valid, > - best, d - damped,

               h - history,  i - internal, s - suppressed, S - Stale

               Origin : i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

 Total Number of Routes: 4

     Network            NextHop        MED        LocPrf    PrefVal Path/Ogn

 

 *>i  10.0.0.0           192.168.1.2     0          100        0      65008i

 *>i  172.16.1.0/24      172.16.3.1      0          100        0      ?

   i  172.16.3.0/24      172.16.3.1      0          100        0      ?

 *>i  192.168.1.0        172.16.3.1      0          100        0      ?

   可以看出,到10.0.0.0的路由变为有效路由,下一跳为SwitchA的地址。

 

# 使用Ping进行验证。

[SwitchC] ping 10.1.1.1

  PING 10.1.1.1: 56  data bytes, press CTRL_C to break

    Reply from 10.1.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=253 time=31 ms

    Reply from 10.1.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=2 ttl=253 time=47 ms

    Reply from 10.1.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=3 ttl=253 time=31 ms

    Reply from 10.1.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=4 ttl=253 time=16 ms

    Reply from 10.1.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=5 ttl=253 time=31 ms

 

  --- 10.1.1.1 ping statistics ---

    5 packet(s) transmitted

    5 packet(s) received

    0.00% packet loss

    round-trip min/avg/max = 16/31/47 ms

 

4、配置文件

4.1SwitchA的配置文件

#

sysname SwitchA

#

vlan batch 10 50

#

interface Vlanif10

 ip address 192.168.1.2 255.255.255.0

#

interface Vlanif50

 ip address 10.1.1.1 255.0.0.0

#

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1

 port link-type trunk

 port trunk allow-pass vlan 10

#

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/2

 port link-type trunk

 port trunk allow-pass vlan 50

#

bgp 65008

 router-id 172.17.1.1

 peer 192.168.1.1 as-number 65009

 #

 ipv4-family unicast

  undo synchronization

  network 10.0.0.0

  peer 192.168.1.1 enable

#

return

 

4.2SwitchB的配置文件

#

sysname SwitchB

#

vlan batch 10 20 30

#

interface Vlanif10

 ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0

#

interface Vlanif20

 ip address 172.16.3.1 255.255.255.0

#

interface Vlanif30

 ip address 172.16.1.1 255.255.255.0

#

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1

 port link-type trunk

 port trunk allow-pass vlan 10

#

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/2

 port link-type trunk

 port trunk allow-pass vlan 20

#

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/3

 port link-type trunk

 port trunk allow-pass vlan 30

#

bgp 65009

 router-id 172.17.2.2

 peer 172.16.1.2 as-number 65009

 peer 172.16.3.2 as-number 65009

 peer 192.168.1.2 as-number 65008

 #

 ipv4-family unicast

  undo synchronization

  import-route direct

  peer 172.16.1.2 enable

  peer 172.16.3.2 enable

  peer 192.168.1.2 enable

#

return

 

4.3SwitchC的配置文件

#

sysname SwitchC

#

vlan batch 20 40

#

interface Vlanif20

 ip address 172.16.3.2 255.255.255.0

#

interface Vlanif40

 ip address 172.16.2.1 255.255.255.0

#

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1

 port link-type trunk

 port trunk allow-pass vlan 20

#

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/2

 port link-type trunk

 port trunk allow-pass vlan 40

#

bgp 65009

 router-id 172.17.3.3

 peer 172.16.2.2 as-number 65009

 peer 172.16.3.1 as-number 65009

 #

 ipv4-family unicast

  undo synchronization

  peer 172.16.2.2 enable

  peer 172.16.3.1 enable

#

return

 

4.4SwitchD的配置文件

#

sysname SwitchD

#

vlan batch 30 40

#

interface Vlanif30

 ip address 172.16.1.2 255.255.255.0

#

interface Vlanif40

 ip address 172.16.2.2 255.255.255.0

#

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/1

 port link-type trunk

 port trunk allow-pass vlan 30

#

interface GigabitEthernet1/0/2

 port link-type trunk

 port trunk allow-pass vlan 40

#

bgp 65009

 router-id 172.17.4.4

 peer 172.16.1.1 as-number 65009

 peer 172.16.2.1 as-number 65009

 #

 ipv4-family unicast

  undo synchronization

  peer 172.16.1.1 enable

  peer 172.16.2.1 enable

#

return

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